待解决问题 重点短语,句型
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中考重点短语,句型有哪些
回答 回答
  • afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事      agree to do sth. 同意做某事
    arrange to do sth.安排做某事          ask to do sth. 要求做某事
    beg to do sth. 请求做某事            care to do sth. 想要做某事
    choose to do sth. 决定做某事          decide to do sth. 决定做某事
    demand to do sth. 要求做某事       determine to do sth. 决心做某事
    expect to do sth. 期待做某事         fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
    help to do sth. 帮助做某事           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
    learn to do sth. 学习做某事           manage to do sth. 设法做某事
    offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事        plan to do sth. 计划做某事
    prepare to do sth. 准备做某事         pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
    promise to do sth. 答应做某事         refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
    want to do sth. 想要做某事           wish to do sth. 希望做某事
    注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
    aim to do sth. 打算做某事          fail to do sth. 未能做某事
    long to do sth. 渴望做某事          happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
    hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事        struggle to do sth. 努力做某事
    
    二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
    advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
    bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
    beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
    cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
    command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
    elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
    expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
    forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
    force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
    get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
    hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
    help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
    intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
    leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
    like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
    mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
    oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
    order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
    prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
    request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
    remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
    teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
    tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
    train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
    trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
    warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
    wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
    汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 可说成advise sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth. 
    可说成wish sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth. 
    可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth. 
    可说成demand of sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth. 
    可说成thank sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth. 
    可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.
    汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth. 
    可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.
    
    三、接动名词作宾语的34个常用动词
    admit doing sth. 承认做某事            advise doing sth. 建议做某事
    allow doing sth. 允许做某事           appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
    avoid doing sth. 避免做某事            consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
    delay doing sth. 推迟做某事             deny doing sth. 否认做某事
    discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事          dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
    enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事             escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
    excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事            fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
    finish doing sth. 完成做某事              forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
    forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事            give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
    imagine doing sth. 想象做某事             keep doing sth. 保持做某事
    mention doing sth. 提及做某事             mind doing sth. 介意做某事
    miss doing sth. 错过做某事                pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
    permit doing sth. 允许做某事             practice doing sth. 练习做某事
    prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事            prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
    put off doing sth. 推迟做某事              report doing sth. 报告做某事
    risk doing sth. 冒险做某事                  stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    suggest doing sth. 建议做某事        understand doing sth. 理解做某事
    
    四、接现在分词作宾补的21个常用动词
    bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事    
    catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
    discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事   
    feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
    find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事  
    get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
    have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事            
    hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
    keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事    
    leave sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事
    listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
    look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事        
    notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事      
    prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事            
    send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
    set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事     
    start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
    stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事          
    watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    
    五、接不带to的不定式作宾补的11个常用动词
    feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事          have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
    hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事             let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
    listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   
    look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
    make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事       
    notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
    observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事     
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
    watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
    like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
    prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
    begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
    start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
    continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
    can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
    bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
    intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
    attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事
    cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事
    
    七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
    (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事         
    remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
    (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         
    forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事
    (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事        
     regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
    (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                               
     try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果
    (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                
    mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
    (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                
     can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
    (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         
    go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事
    注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事      agree to do sth. 同意做某事
    arrange to do sth.安排做某事          ask to do sth. 要求做某事
    beg to do sth. 请求做某事            care to do sth. 想要做某事
    choose to do sth. 决定做某事          decide to do sth. 决定做某事
    demand to do sth. 要求做某事       determine to do sth. 决心做某事
    expect to do sth. 期待做某事         fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
    help to do sth. 帮助做某事           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
    learn to do sth. 学习做某事           manage to do sth. 设法做某事
    offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事        plan to do sth. 计划做某事
    prepare to do sth. 准备做某事         pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
    promise to do sth. 答应做某事         refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
    want to do sth. 想要做某事           wish to do sth. 希望做某事
    注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
    aim to do sth. 打算做某事          fail to do sth. 未能做某事
    long to do sth. 渴望做某事          happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
    hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事        struggle to do sth. 努力做某事
    
    二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
    advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
    bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
    beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
    cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
    command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
    elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
    expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
    forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
    force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
    get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
    hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
    help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
    intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
    leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
    like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
    mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
    oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
    order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
    prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
    request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
    remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
    teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
    tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
    train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
    trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
    warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
    wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
    汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 可说成advise sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth. 
    可说成wish sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth. 
    可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth. 
    可说成demand of sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth. 
    可说成thank sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth. 
    可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.
    汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth. 
    可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.
    
    三、接动名词作宾语的34个常用动词
    admit doing sth. 承认做某事            advise doing sth. 建议做某事
    allow doing sth. 允许做某事           appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
    avoid doing sth. 避免做某事            consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
    delay doing sth. 推迟做某事             deny doing sth. 否认做某事
    discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事          dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
    enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事             escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
    excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事            fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
    finish doing sth. 完成做某事              forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
    forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事            give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
    imagine doing sth. 想象做某事             keep doing sth. 保持做某事
    mention doing sth. 提及做某事             mind doing sth. 介意做某事
    miss doing sth. 错过做某事                pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
    permit doing sth. 允许做某事             practice doing sth. 练习做某事
    prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事            prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
    put off doing sth. 推迟做某事              report doing sth. 报告做某事
    risk doing sth. 冒险做某事                  stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    suggest doing sth. 建议做某事        understand doing sth. 理解做某事
    
    四、接现在分词作宾补的21个常用动词
    bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事    
    catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
    discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事   
    feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
    find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事  
    get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
    have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事            
    hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
    keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事    
    leave sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事
    listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
    look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事        
    notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事      
    prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事            
    send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
    set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事     
    start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
    stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事          
    watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    
    五、接不带to的不定式作宾补的11个常用动词
    feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事          have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
    hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事             let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
    listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   
    look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
    make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事       
    notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
    observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事     
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
    watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
    like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
    prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
    begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
    start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
    continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
    can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
    bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
    intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
    attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事
    cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事
    
    七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
    (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事         
    remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
    (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         
    forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事
    (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事        
     regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
    (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                               
     try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果
    (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                
    mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
    (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                
     can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
    (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         
    go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事
    注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    一、afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事      agree to do sth. 同意做某事
    arrange to do sth.安排做某事          ask to do sth. 要求做某事
    beg to do sth. 请求做某事            care to do sth. 想要做某事
    choose to do sth. 决定做某事          decide to do sth. 决定做某事
    demand to do sth. 要求做某事       determine to do sth. 决心做某事
    expect to do sth. 期待做某事         fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
    help to do sth. 帮助做某事           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
    learn to do sth. 学习做某事           manage to do sth. 设法做某事
    offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事        plan to do sth. 计划做某事
    prepare to do sth. 准备做某事         pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
    promise to do sth. 答应做某事         refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
    want to do sth. 想要做某事           wish to do sth. 希望做某事
    注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
    aim to do sth. 打算做某事          fail to do sth. 未能做某事
    long to do sth. 渴望做某事          happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
    hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事        struggle to do sth. 努力做某事
    
    二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
    advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
    bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
    beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
    cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
    command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
    elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
    expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
    forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
    force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
    get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
    hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
    help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
    intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
    leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
    like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
    mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
    oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
    order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
    prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
    request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
    remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
    teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
    tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
    train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
    trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
    warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
    wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
    汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 可说成advise sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth. 
    可说成wish sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth. 
    可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth. 
    可说成demand of sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth. 
    可说成thank sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth. 
    可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.
    汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth. 
    可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.
    
    三、接动名词作宾语的34个常用动词
    admit doing sth. 承认做某事            advise doing sth. 建议做某事
    allow doing sth. 允许做某事           appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
    avoid doing sth. 避免做某事            consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
    delay doing sth. 推迟做某事             deny doing sth. 否认做某事
    discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事          dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
    enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事             escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
    excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事            fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
    finish doing sth. 完成做某事              forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
    forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事            give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
    imagine doing sth. 想象做某事             keep doing sth. 保持做某事
    mention doing sth. 提及做某事             mind doing sth. 介意做某事
    miss doing sth. 错过做某事                pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
    permit doing sth. 允许做某事             practice doing sth. 练习做某事
    prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事            prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
    put off doing sth. 推迟做某事              report doing sth. 报告做某事
    risk doing sth. 冒险做某事                  stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    suggest doing sth. 建议做某事        understand doing sth. 理解做某事
    
    四、接现在分词作宾补的21个常用动词
    bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事    
    catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
    discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事   
    feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
    find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事  
    get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
    have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事            
    hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
    keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事    
    leave sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事
    listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
    look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事        
    notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事      
    prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事            
    send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
    set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事     
    start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
    stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事          
    watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    
    五、接不带to的不定式作宾补的11个常用动词
    feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事          have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
    hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事             let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
    listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   
    look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
    make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事       
    notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
    observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事     
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
    watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
    like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
    prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
    begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
    start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
    continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
    can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
    bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
    intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
    attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事
    cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事
    
    七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
    (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事         
    remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
    (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         
    forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事
    (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事        
     regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
    (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                               
     try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果
    (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                
    mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
    (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                
     can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
    (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         
    go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事
    注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    一、接不定式作宾语的24个常用动词
    afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事      agree to do sth. 同意做某事
    arrange to do sth.安排做某事          ask to do sth. 要求做某事
    beg to do sth. 请求做某事            care to do sth. 想要做某事
    choose to do sth. 决定做某事          decide to do sth. 决定做某事
    demand to do sth. 要求做某事       determine to do sth. 决心做某事
    expect to do sth. 期待做某事         fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
    help to do sth. 帮助做某事           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
    learn to do sth. 学习做某事           manage to do sth. 设法做某事
    offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事        plan to do sth. 计划做某事
    prepare to do sth. 准备做某事         pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
    promise to do sth. 答应做某事         refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
    want to do sth. 想要做某事           wish to do sth. 希望做某事
    注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
    aim to do sth. 打算做某事          fail to do sth. 未能做某事
    long to do sth. 渴望做某事          happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
    hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事        struggle to do sth. 努力做某事
    
    二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
    advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
    bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
    beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
    cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
    command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
    elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
    expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
    forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
    force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
    get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
    hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
    help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
    intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
    leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
    like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
    mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
    oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
    order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
    prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
    request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
    remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
    teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
    tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
    train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
    trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
    warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
    wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
    汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 可说成advise sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth. 
    可说成wish sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth. 
    可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth. 
    可说成demand of sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth. 
    可说成thank sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth. 
    可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.
    汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth. 
    可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.
    
    三、接动名词作宾语的34个常用动词
    admit doing sth. 承认做某事            advise doing sth. 建议做某事
    allow doing sth. 允许做某事           appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
    avoid doing sth. 避免做某事            consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
    delay doing sth. 推迟做某事             deny doing sth. 否认做某事
    discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事          dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
    enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事             escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
    excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事            fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
    finish doing sth. 完成做某事              forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
    forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事            give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
    imagine doing sth. 想象做某事             keep doing sth. 保持做某事
    mention doing sth. 提及做某事             mind doing sth. 介意做某事
    miss doing sth. 错过做某事                pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
    permit doing sth. 允许做某事             practice doing sth. 练习做某事
    prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事            prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
    put off doing sth. 推迟做某事              report doing sth. 报告做某事
    risk doing sth. 冒险做某事                  stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    suggest doing sth. 建议做某事        understand doing sth. 理解做某事
    
    四、接现在分词作宾补的21个常用动词
    bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事    
    catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
    discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事   
    feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
    find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事  
    get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
    have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事            
    hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
    keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事    
    leave sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事
    listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
    look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事        
    notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事      
    prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事            
    send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
    set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事     
    start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
    stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事          
    watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    
    五、接不带to的不定式作宾补的11个常用动词
    feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事          have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
    hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事             let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
    listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   
    look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
    make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事       
    notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
    observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事     
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
    watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
    like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
    prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
    begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
    start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
    continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
    can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
    bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
    intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
    attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事
    cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事
    
    七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
    (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事         
    remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
    (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         
    forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事
    (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事        
     regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
    (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                               
     try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果
    (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                
    mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
    (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                
     can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
    (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         
    go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事
    注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    八、可接双宾语的40个常用动词
    (1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词        
    award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人
    bring sb. sth.=bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人
    give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 把某物给某人
    hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人
    lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人
    mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人
    offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人
    owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物
    pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人
    pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱)
    post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人
    read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听
    recommend sb. sth.=recommend sth. to sb. 向某人推荐某物
    return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人
    send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人
    sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人
    serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人
    show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看
    take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人
    teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物
    tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况
    throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人
    write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信
    (2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词
    book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物
    bring sb. sth. = bring sth. for sb. 为某人带某物
    buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物
    choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物
    cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物
    draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物
    fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物
    find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物
    fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物
    get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物
    make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物
    order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物
    pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物
    prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物
    save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物
    sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌)
    spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物
    steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物
    
    九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的8个常见动词
    accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事
    cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物
    cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯
    inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事)
    remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事)
    rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物
    rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西
    warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况
    
    十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的8个常见动词
    blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事
    criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事
    forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
    excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
    pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事
    punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事
    scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事
    thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事
    
    十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的9个常见动词
    cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事                
    trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事
    food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事                
    force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事
    argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事                
    talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事
    terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事                
    frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事
    persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事
    
    十二、容易误用作及物动词的9个不及物动词
    误:deal a problem              正:deal with a problem 处理问题
    误:depend sb.                   正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人
    误:insist doing sth.             正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事
    误:knock the door              正:knock on [at] the door 敲门
    误:operate sb.                   正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术
    误:participate sth.               正:participate in sth. 参加某事
    误:refer sth.                      正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物
    误:rely sb. / sth.        正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物)
    误:reply a letter                正:reply to a letter 回信
    注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可能及物,如insist, reply等动词后可接宾语从句,operate表示“操作”、“管理”等时则及物。
    
    十三、容易误用作不及物动词的8个及物动词
    误:serve for sb.                 正:serve sb. 为某人服务
    误:marry with sb.              正:marry sb. 与某人结婚
    误:discuss about sth.           正:discuss sth. 讨论某事
    误:mention about sth.         正:mention sth. 提到某事
    误:enter into a room           正:enter a room 进入房间
    误:contact with sb.             正:contact sb. 与某人联系
    误:equal to sth.                 正:equal sth. 等于某物
    误:ring to sb.                    正:ring sb. 给某人打电话
    注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不及物的,如enter into可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概念。如:
    The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。
    I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。
    The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。
    
    十四、17个常用“be+形容词+about”结构
    be angry about 为……生气           be anxious about 为……担忧
    be careful about 当心……             be certain about 确信……
    be curious about 对……好奇         be disappointed about 对……失望
    be excited about 对……感到兴奋      be glad about 对……感到高兴
    be happy about 为……感到高兴     be hopeful about 对……抱有希望
    be mad about 对……入迷            be nervous about 为……感到不安
    be particular about 对……讲究        be sad about 为……而难过
    be serious about 对……认真            be sure about 对……有把握
    be worried about 为……担忧
    
    十五、10个常用“be+形容词+at”结构
    be angry at 为……生气                 be bad at 不善于……
    be clever at 擅长于……                  be disappointed at 对……失望
    be expert at 在……方面是内行         be good at 善于……
    be mad at 对……发怒                    be quick at 在……方面敏捷
    be skillful at 在……方面熟练           be slow at 在……方面迟钝
    
    十六、18个常用“be+形容词+for”结构
    be anxious for 渴望             be bad for 对……有害,对……不利
    be bound for 前往              be celebrated for 以……出名
    be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近   
    be eager for渴望           be famous for 因……闻名      
    be fit for 合适,适合       be good for 对……有益(方便)        
    be grateful for 感谢         be hungry for 渴望得到    
    be late for 迟到            be necessary for 对……有必要 
    be ready for 为……准备好    be sorry for 因……抱歉    
    be suitable for 对……合适(适宜)   be thankful for 因……而感激 
    be well-known for以……出名
    
    十七、6个常用“be+形容词+from”结构
    be absent from 缺席,不在           be different from 与……不同
    be far from 离……远,远远不        be free from 没有,免受
    be safe from 没有……的危险         be tired from 因……而疲劳
    
    十八、13个常用“be+形容词+in”结构
    be concerned in 与……有关    be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望
    be engaged in 从事于,忙于    be experienced in 在……方面有经验
    be expert in 在……方面是行家      be fortunate in 在……方面幸运
    be honest in 在……方面诚实          be interested in 对……感兴趣
    be lack in 缺乏                           be rich in 富于,在……方面富有
    be skillful in 擅长于                    be successful in 在……方面成功
    be weak in 在……方面不行
    
    十九、18个常用“be+形容词+of”结构
    be afraid of 害怕                        be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧
    be aware of 意识到,知道            be capable of 能够,可以
    be careful of 小心,留心              be certain of 确信,对……有把握
    be fond of 喜欢                          be free of 没有,摆脱
    be full of 充满                           be glad of 为……而高兴
    be nervous of 害怕                      be proud of 为……自豪
    be short of 缺乏                         be shy of 不好意思
    be sick of 对……厌倦                 be sure of 肯定,有把握
    be tired of 对……厌烦                be worthy of 只得,配得上
    
    二十、20个常用“be+形容词+to”结构
    be accustomed to 习惯于           be blind to 对……视而不见
    be close to 靠近,接近             be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情
    be devoted to 献身,专心于         be equal to 等于,能胜任
    be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉       be harmful to 对……有危害
    be important to 对……重要;         be open to 对……开放,易受到
    be opposed to 反对,不赞成   
    be opposite to 在……对面,和……相反
    be polite to 对……有礼貌          be related to 与……有关(是亲戚)
    be respectful to 尊敬                be rude to 对……无礼
    be similar to 与……相似            be true to 忠实于,信守
    be used to 习惯于                    be useful to 对……有用
    
    二十一、16个常用“be+形容词+with”结构
    be angry with 对(某人)生气          be bored with 对……厌烦
    be busy with 忙于                            be careful with 小心
    be concerned with 关于,与……有关    be content with 以……为满足
    be delighted with 对……感到高兴  
    be disappointed with 对(某人)失望
    be familiar with 熟悉,精通             be honest with 对(某人)真诚
    be ill with 患……病                     be patient with 对(某人)有耐心
    be pleased with 对……满意(高兴)            
    be popular with 受……欢迎
    be satisfied with 对……满意           be strict with 对(某人)严格
    
    二十二、24个常用“in+其他词+of”结构
    in advance of 在……前面                  in aid of 帮助
    in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益      in case of 如果,万一,以防
    in celebration of 庆祝                        in charge of 负责,管理
    in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝         in defence of 保卫
    in explanation of 解释                       in face of 面对
    in favour of 赞成,主张                    in front of 在……前面
    in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎            in memory of 纪念
    in need of 需要                               in place of 代替
    in possession of 拥有                        in praise of 称赞
    in respect of 关于,就……而言          in search of 寻找,搜找
    in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方     in spite of 虽然,尽管
    in support of 为了支持(拥护)……       in view of 鉴于,考虑到
    注:同时注意一下相似结构:
    in exchange for 作为对……的交换    in preparation for 为……作准备
    in return for 作为……的报答           in reward for 作为……的报酬
    in addition to 加之,除……之外       in answer to 回答,响应
    in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比     
    in opposition to 与……相反,反对
    in reply to 作为对……的回答(答复)    in response to 回答,响应
    in [with] reference to 关于               in [with] regard to 关于
    
    二十三、25个带to doing sth.的常用结构
    1.动词+介词to+动名词
    (1) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事
    (2) object to doing sth. 反对做某事
    (3) see to doing sth. 负责做某事
    (4) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事
    (5) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事
    
    2.动词+宾语+介词to+动名词
    (1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事
    (2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事
    (3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事
    (4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内
    (5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事
    
    3.动词+名词+介词to+动名词
    (1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事
    (2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事
    (3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事
    (4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事
    (5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做某事
    (6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事
    (7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事
    
    4.be+形容词+介词to+动名词
    (1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做某事
    (2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
    (3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事
    (4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事
    (5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事
    (6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内
    
    5.其他结构+介词to+动名词
    (1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理某事
    (2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事
  • 回答人:rose994225  |  回答时间:2016/5/15 15:09:59    
  • 短语、词组归纳
      由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:
      一、动词+介词
      1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料…
      2.listen to…听…… 3.welcome to…欢迎到……
      4.say hello to …向……问好 5.speak to…对……说话
      此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。
      二、动词+副词
      “动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:
      A.动词(vt.)+副词
      1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下
      此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词前面。
      B.动词(vi)+副词。
      1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家
      4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立
      此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。
      三、其它类动词词组
      1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games
      [介词短语聚焦]
      “介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。
      1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。
      2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
      3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。
      4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
      5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。
      6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。
      7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。
      8.at + 时刻表示钟点。 9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。
      10.of短语表示所属关系。 11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。
      12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。
      另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。
      [重点句型大回放]
      1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…,
      2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb.
      3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。
      4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。
      5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,
      6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换. Help… out
      7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。
      8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。
      9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,
      10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,
      11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。
      12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。
      [重点短语快速复习]
      1.kinds of 各种各样的 2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是……
      3. neither…nor…既不……也不…… 4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
      5. take a seat 就坐 6. home cooking 家常做法
      7. be famous for 因……而著名 8. on ones way to在……途中
      9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院 10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾
      11. wait for 等待 12. in time 及时
      13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去
      14. just then 正在那时 15. first of all 首先,第一
      16. go wrong 走错路 17. be/get lost 迷路
      18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗 19. get on 上车
      20. get off 下车 21. stand in line 站队
      22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室 23. at the head of……在……的前头
      24. laugh at 嘲笑 25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
      26. in fact 实际上 27. at midnight 在半夜
      28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快
      29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架 30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
      31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛 32. have a headache 头痛
      33. as soon as… 一……就…… 34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
      35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事 36. fall asleep 入睡
      37. again and again再三地,反复地 38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
      39. instead of 代替 40. look over 检查
      41. take exercise运动 42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事
      43. at the weekend 在周末 44. on time 按时
      45. out of从……向外 46. all by oneself 独立,单独
      47. lots of=a lot of 许多 48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
      49. get back 回来,取回 50. sooner or later迟早
      51. run away 逃跑 52. eat up 吃光,吃完
      53. run after 追赶 54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
      55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料
      56. think of 考虑到,想起 57. keep a diary 坚持写日记
      58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下 59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
      60. turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等) 61. turn off 关
        [重温重点句型]
      1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
      前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。
      注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。”
      2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.
      这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on the right/left.
      3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
      此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主语.
      4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
      此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。
      5.What’s wrong with…?
      此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”
      6.too…to… 在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。
      在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.
      7.Sorry to hear that. 全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。
      [重点句型、词组大盘点]
      1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
      [用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
      [搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.
      [比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;
      be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
      2.…return it sooner or later. ……迟早要将它归还。
      [用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
      2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back.
      [拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。
      3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……
      [用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。
      [拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:
      no matter when无论什么时候
      no matter where无论什么地方
      no matter who无论谁
      no matter how 无论怎么样
      4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
      一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。
      [用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。
      [拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。
      5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
      他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。
      [用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。
      2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。
      3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。
      [搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人
      encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事
      2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害
      6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。
      [用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。
      [搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句
      2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
      3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
      4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事
      重点句型、词组大盘点
      1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
      2. [ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
      3. [ 搭配 ] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. [ 比较 ] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 ……
      短语总结(一)
      1. It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.
      It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了.
      2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事.
      3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事.
      4. make/let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事.
      5. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事.
      6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事.
      7. It’s better to do sth最好做某事
      8. It’s best to do sth最好做某事
      9. enjoy doing喜欢做某事
      10. finish doing结束做某事
      11. keep doing继续做某事
      12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事
      13. carry on 继续做某事
      14. go on to do /doing /with sth继续做某事
      15. feel like doing 喜欢做某事
      16. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事.
      17. forget/remember to do忘记/记得去做某事(与)
      forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得曾经做过事.
      18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事
      19. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过……
      20. prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事.
      21. used to do sth.过去常常做某事.
      22. What’s wong /the matter with……? …..出了问题(事)?
      23. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关
      24. be busy with sth /doing sth . 在忙于做某事
      25. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不……
      26. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不……
      27. such…..that…… 如此….. 以致知于不……
      28. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间.
      29. spend …..on sth.(in doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事.
      30. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物.
      31. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)?
      32. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事..
      33. I don’t think that我认为……不…..
      34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢?
      35. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思?
      36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样?
      37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢.
      38. The more, the better . 越多越剧好.
      39. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事.
      40. It is said that….. 据说……
      短语总结(二)
      1 depend on sb/sth 是依靠某人或某物,。
      depend for 是一个客观的依据。比如说凭借他们的性能,depend for their usage
      2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样
      3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易)
      4 agree with sb 赞成某人
      5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样
      6 all over/around/across the world = the whole world 整个 世界
      7 along with 同……一道,伴随…… (sing along with…)
      eg : I will go along with you 我将和你一起去
      the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树
      8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样/尽早。。。
      9 as you can see 你是知道的
      10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book
      11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么
      12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事
      13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen
      14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始
      15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day
      16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候
      17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信
      eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
      18 be + doing 表:1、 现在进行时 2、 将来时
      19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够……
      eg : She is able to sing She can sing
      20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing
      21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……
      eg : I'm afraid to go out at night I'm afraid of dog
      22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么
      eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视
      I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视
      23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me
      24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气
      25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高
      26 be ashamed to do sth/of sth 为(做)。。。而羞耻
      27 be away from 远离
      28 be away from 从……离开
      29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好
      30 be born 出生于
      31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……
      32 be careful 当心;小心
      33 be different from…… 和什么不一样
      34 be famous as/for 以/因……著名
      35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好
      36 be from = come from 来自
      eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing
      Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?
        37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满
      eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water
      38 sb be glad+to do/从句 sth be good to do sth /从句
      39 be going to + v(原) 将来时
      40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于…… (be good with)
      41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English
      42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事
      43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处
      eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处
      Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处
      44 be in good health keep healthy身体健康
      45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble
      46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣
      47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到
      48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother (look like/take after )
      49 be mad at 生某人的气
      50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)
      51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
      52 be not sure 表不确定
      53 be on a visit to /visit 参观
      54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎
      55 be quiet 安静
      56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰
      57 be sick in bed 生病在床
      58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you
      59 be sorry to hear that
      60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you
      61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles
      62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格
      eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格
      63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格
      64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么
      65 be sure 表确定
      66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心
      eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well
      67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心
      eg: I'm sure of my head /my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)
      68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心
      eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试
      69 be sure to do sth 一定会做某事
      eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试
      We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语
      70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……
      71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事
      72 be the same as … 和什么一样
      73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事
      eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早起
      He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉
      He is used to working hard He is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作
      74 be (well) worth doing/with sth 值得做什么
      75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of sth be afraid that
      76 because+句子 because of +短语
      eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache
      77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么
      eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home
      78 between…and… 两者之间
      79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西
      eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen
      80 both = the same名词 as/as形/副as = not different(from) 表相同
          81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth
      eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station
      我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站
      the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了
      He's bothering me to lend him money
      82 by the end of 到……为止
      83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang (call sb at。。。 )
      84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?
      85 catch up with sb 赶上某人
      86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地
      87 come in 进来
      88 come over to 过来
      89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?
      90 communicate with sb 和某人交流
      91 consider + doing 考虑做什么
      eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?
      92 dance to /with 随着/和……跳舞
      eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞
      93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 decide on sth 决定某事
      94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查
      95 do better/worse in 在……方面做得更好/差
      96 do wrong 做错
      97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事
      98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……
      99 each +名(单)每一个…… eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书
      100 end up +doing/with sth
      101 enjoy +doing 喜欢
      102 escape from 从……逃跑
      eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison 犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
      Some gas is escaping from the pipe 有一些气体从管子里冒出
      103 expect to do sth 期待做某事
      104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来
      105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么
      106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home
      107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样
      108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样? eg : I find the book interesting
      109 finish 完成+doing(名词)
      110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 (fit time into 找时间做…)
      111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了
      eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door
      112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her
      113 get /have sth done 做完,被(别人)做……
      eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)
      Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)
      114 get a part-time job = find a part-time job
      115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好
      116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 (be good with )
      117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备
      eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math
      118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
      119 get sb to do sth =have/let/make sb do sth
      120 get…from… 从某处得到某物
      121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall
      122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物
      123 go fishing 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳
      124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing/with sth 继续做这件事
      125 go out away from go out of
      126 go to school 上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
      127 good way to 好方法
      128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事
      129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会
      130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈
      131 have been doing 现在完成进行时
      eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since
      132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来
      133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴
      134 have sth to do 有什么事要做
      eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做
      I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做
      135 have to do sth 必须做某事
      136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦
      137 have…time +doing
      138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假
      139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事
      140 help a lot 很大用处
      141 help sb with sth one's sth 帮助某人某事 help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事
      142 hope to do sth 希望做某事
      143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)
      144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法
      145 if : 是否=wether
      eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会
      He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning
      他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达
      Whether …or not whether to do sth
         146 if :如果
      eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州
      If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的
      I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国
      147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为
      148 in some ways 在某些方面 get in the way 挡道/阻碍
      149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后
      150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )
      151 in the sun 在太阳下
      152 increase 增加
      eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3% 他们把石油价增加了3%
      the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now
      153 instead of +(名 ) 代替
      eg: I'd like an apple instead of a pear 我想要苹果,而不要梨子
      I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学
      154 introduce sb to sb 介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself 自我介绍
      155 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事
      156 It takes sb sometime to do sth 做某人花掉某人多少时间
      eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook
      157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事怎么样
      158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样
      159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样 It's +adj of sb 对某人来说太怎么样
      160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样
      It's +adj of sb to do sth 对某人来说做某事太怎么样 (kind clever foolish..)
      eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English
      161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth 对…… 来说是个好主意
      162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important to me
      163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间
      eg : It's time to have class It's time for class 该去上课了
      164 join +人/组织= take part in+活动 参加
      165 just now=a moment ago 刚才 just (完成时)
      166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样?
      167 keep out 不让 …… 进入
      168 keep sb adj 让……保持……
      eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy 保持健康
      169 key to +名词 表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
      170 key to… anser to … key 可以是答题或钥匙
      171 laugh at… 取笑…… eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke
      172 learn sth by oneslfe 自学
      173 learn from sb 向某人学习 eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
      174 learn to do sth 学做某事
      175 let sb do sth 让某人做某事
      176 Let sb down 让某人失望
      eg : We shouldn't let our farents down 我们不应该让我们的父母失望
      177 live from :离某地远
      178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方 居住在某地
      eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan
      179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看
      180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路
      181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事
      182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友 eg : I want to make friends with you
      183 make it early 把时间定的早一点
      184 make on exhibition of oneself 让某人出洋相
      185 make sb /n +n 使什么成为什么
      eg : I made her my step moller I made you my wife
      186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg : You must made your bed clean
      187 make sb do sth 让某人做某事 eg : I made him write 我以前让他写
      188 sb be made to do sth eg: He was made to write
      189 make up be made up of (被动语态)由……组成
      190 make…difference to…
      191 mind sb to do mind one's doing 介意……做什么
      192 the most +名 most of +代 a most (very)+名
      193 much too +形容词 /副词 too many+可复 too much +不 可
      194 must be 一定 表猜测的否定:can’t
      195 need +名词 need doing sth =need to be done
      196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事
      197 need to do (实义动词) need do (情态动词)
      198 no /neithr of ...hate to do no /neithr of… hates doing
      199 no +名词
      200 not anymore = no more 再也不……
      eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more 他再也不哭
      201 not… (形 、副)at all eg: He's not tall at all she doesn't junp far at all
      202 not…at all 一点都不
      203 not…either 表否定,也不 eg : I don't have sister, either 我也没有姐姐
      204 not…until 直到……才……
      eg: I didn't sleep until my mother came back
      The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar
      205 provide sb with sth /provide sth for sb 给某人提供
      206 offer sb sth =offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人
      eg : I offer you water =I offer water to you 我给你提供水
      offer to do sth 自愿做。。 volunteer to do
      207 on one's way to… 在谁去那的路上
      208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面
      209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈
      210 on time 准时 in time 及时
         211 one day =some day =someday 一天,有一天
      212 one of +可数名词的复数形式
      213 one to another 一个到另一个
      214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的 eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin
      215 part-time job 兼职工作 full-time job 全职工作
      216 pay for… 付……钱 pay the bill 开钱 ,付钱
      217 please +do
      218 please help yourself
      219 be pleased with sb
      220 pool into 入池 = pore into 入孔
      221 practice +doing 练习做某事
      222 prefer sth to sth 相对……更喜欢……
      eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理
      prefer doing to sth 更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…
      eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving 他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
      prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做…也不愿
      eg: My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one 我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
      prefer sb not to do sth 更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come 我不喜欢她不 223 pretend to do sth 装着去做什么 pretend that 从句
      eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard 这两个骗子装着努力工作
      He pretended that he did not know the answer 他装着不知道答案
      224 rather…than 宁可……也不……
      eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher 我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
      He likes dogs rather than cats 他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
      225 regard…as 把……当作……
      eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候
      I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友
      He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人
      226 remid sb about sth 提醒某人什么事 remid sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
      eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook 他提醒我做饭
      227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么
      eg : the pictures remind me of my school days 这照片使我想起了我的学校
      the words that (which) the teacher talk to remind me of my mother
      228 return sth to sb 还什么东西给某人
      229 say to oneself 对自己说
      230 say to sb 对某人说
      231 sb spend some money on sth 花了多少钱在某事上
      232 sb spend some time with sb 花了多少时间陪谁
      233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事
      234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
      235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing 看见某人正在做某事
      236 seem to do/be +adj 显得怎么样
      eg : You seem to be tired You seem to be happy
      237 send +sb sth =sent sth to sb 送给某人某物
      238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?
      239 shock 使……震惊
      eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock 啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
      240 show sb sth 向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book.
      241 show sb sth = show sth to sb 拿什么东西给某人看
      eg: Show me your pen Show your pen to me
      242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
      243 some…others… 一些……另一些……
      244 start with… 从……开始 begin with… 从……开始
      245 stay away from 远离……
      eg : We're told to stay away from the animals when visiting the zoo
      If you want to lose weight you'd better stay away from the sweet food
      246 stop doing 停下正在做的事
      247 stop sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
      248 stop sb(from) doing 阻止某人做某事
      249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
      250 such +名 这样 ,这种 so 形/副
      251 suit sb 适合某人 fit sb fine (大小、形状)
      252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇 to one's surprise 令某人惊奇
      253 take classes 上课
      254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital
      255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk 散步
      256 ①talk to 对谁说 eg : I talk to you ② talk with 和谁说 eg : I talk with him
      ③ talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you ④ talk about 谈论关于……
      257 talk with sb 和某人说话
      258 teach sb sth 教某人做某事
      259 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事
      260 tell sb sth tell a story
      261 tell sb that 丛句
      262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth 告诉某人不要做什么
      263 tell A from B 从B中辨别出A
      264 thank you for +doing
      265 the same +名词(doing)+as……
      266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as 相同
      267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth 做某方面 的方法
      e g : Do you know the way to learn English
      Do you know the way of learning English
      268 the way to…(地点) 到哪的路
      269 too…to… 太怎样而不能…… adj +enough to 足够…能… so…that +丛句 太… 所以…
      eg: He is too young to go to school = He is so young that he can't go to school
      He is old enough to go to school = He is so old that he can go to school
      270 transalte ……into…… 把什么翻译成什么 eg : Trasalte English into chinese
        271 travel with sb 和某人去旅游
      272 try one's best to do sth 尽某人最大的努力去做某事
      eg: I will try my best to learn English well
      273 try to do sth 想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth 想干什么,已经做过了
      eg :He tried to climb 他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing 他想爬上去
      274 try…on 试衣服 have a try 试一下
      275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up 开大
      276 turn off 关上 ←→ turn on 打开 open 拆开 close
      277 upside down 倒着
      278 visit to… 参观某个地方
      279 wait for sb 等某人 can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待地做。。。
      280 wait for sb to do sth 等某人做什么 wait for sb 等某人
      wait for some time 等 多少时间
      eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready 等我准备好,好吗?
      Let's wait for the rain to stop 让我们等雨停吧
      281 wake sb up 把某人叫醒 be awake
      282 want to do sth 想做某事
      283 watch sb do sth 观看某人做某事
      284 welcome to +…(地方) 欢迎到……
      285 what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
      286 what if 如果……怎么办 What if +句子
      eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办?
      What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办?
      287 what they will do = what to do
      288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ? 有什么困难?
      289 主句+while +延续性动词(进行时) when 过去时+主句(进行时)
      290 why don't you do = why not do
      291 will you please do will you please not do
      292 with one's help= with the help of sb 在某人的帮助下
      293 leave for sp leave to do (be away )
      294 work at…在某处工作
      295 work with sb 和某人一起工作
      296 would like sth /to do sth eg : I would like to go to LuZhou
      297 would you please +do
      298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中 already 肯定句中
      299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
      300 不定式 +v(原) to be at home
      301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
      302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后
      304 向宾语提问:Whom
      305 向地点提问:Where
      306 向方式提问:How
      307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much
      308 向可数名词提问:How many
      309 向频率提问: How often
      310 向时间段提问:How long
      311 向时间提问:what time/when
      312 向物主代词提问:Whose
      313 向职业提问:what do/does……do
      314 向主语提问: Who
  • 回答人:304205668  |  回答时间:2016/5/15 17:28:08    
  • afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事      agree to do sth. 同意做某事
    arrange to do sth.安排做某事          ask to do sth. 要求做某事
    beg to do sth. 请求做某事            care to do sth. 想要做某事
    choose to do sth. 决定做某事          decide to do sth. 决定做某事
    demand to do sth. 要求做某事       determine to do sth. 决心做某事
    expect to do sth. 期待做某事         fear to do sth. 害怕做某事
    help to do sth. 帮助做某事           hope to do sth. 希望做某事
    learn to do sth. 学习做某事           manage to do sth. 设法做某事
    offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事        plan to do sth. 计划做某事
    prepare to do sth. 准备做某事         pretend to do sth. 假装做某事
    promise to do sth. 答应做某事         refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
    want to do sth. 想要做某事           wish to do sth. 希望做某事
    注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:
    aim to do sth. 打算做某事          fail to do sth. 未能做某事
    long to do sth. 渴望做某事          happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事
    hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事        struggle to do sth. 努力做某事
    
    二、接不定式作宾补的36个常用动词
    advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事
    allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事
    bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事
    beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事
    cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事
    command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事
    elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事
    encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
    expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事
    forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事
    force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
    get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事
    hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事
    help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事
    intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事
    leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事
    like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事
    mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事
    need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
    oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事
    order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事
    permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
    prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事
    request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事
    remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
    teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事
    tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
    train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事
    trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事
    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事
    warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事
    wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事
    注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:
    汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说excuse [forgive] sb. to do sth. 可说成excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说suggest [propose] sb. to do sth. 可说成advise sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“希望某人做某事”,但英语不说hope sb. to do sth. 
    可说成wish sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“安排某人做某事”,但英语不说arrange sb. to do sth. 
    可说成arrange for sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“要求某人做某事”,但英语不说demand sb. to do sth. 
    可说成demand of sb. to do sth.
    汉语说:“感谢某人做某事”,但英语不说thank sb. to do sth. 
    可说成thank sb. for doing sth.
    汉语说:“祝贺某人做某事”,但英语不说congratulate sb. to do sth. 
    可说成congratulate sb. on doing sth.
    汉语说:“阻止某人做某事”,但英语不说prevent sb. to do sth. 
    可说成prevent sb. from doing sth.
    
    三、接动名词作宾语的34个常用动词
    admit doing sth. 承认做某事            advise doing sth. 建议做某事
    allow doing sth. 允许做某事           appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事
    avoid doing sth. 避免做某事            consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
    delay doing sth. 推迟做某事             deny doing sth. 否认做某事
    discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事          dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
    enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事             escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事
    excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事            fancy doing sth. 设想做某事
    finish doing sth. 完成做某事              forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事
    forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事            give up doing sth. 放弃做某事
    imagine doing sth. 想象做某事             keep doing sth. 保持做某事
    mention doing sth. 提及做某事             mind doing sth. 介意做某事
    miss doing sth. 错过做某事                pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事
    permit doing sth. 允许做某事             practice doing sth. 练习做某事
    prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事            prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事
    put off doing sth. 推迟做某事              report doing sth. 报告做某事
    risk doing sth. 冒险做某事                  stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    suggest doing sth. 建议做某事        understand doing sth. 理解做某事
    
    四、接现在分词作宾补的21个常用动词
    bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事    
    catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事
    discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事   
    feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事
    find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事  
    get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事
    have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事            
    hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事
    keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事    
    leave sb. doing sth.使某人一直做某事
    listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事
    look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事        
    notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事
    observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事      
    prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事
    see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事            
    send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事
    set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事     
    start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事
    stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事          
    watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    
    五、接不带to的不定式作宾补的11个常用动词
    feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事          have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事
    hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事             let sb. do sth.让某人做某事
    listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事   
    look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事
    make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事       
    notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事
    observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事     
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事
    watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事
    
    六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的12个动词
    like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事
    hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事
    prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事
    begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事
    start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事
    continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事
    can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事
    bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事
    intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事
    attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事
    cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事
    
    七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的7个动词
    (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事         
    remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事
    (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事                         
    forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事
    (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事        
     regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事
    (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事                               
     try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果
    (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事                                
    mean doing sth. 意味着做某事
    (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事                
     can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事
    (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事         
    go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事
    注:stop to do sth. 与stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。
  • 回答人:12139  |  回答时间:2016/5/15 18:27:25    
  • 好全面,谢谢
  • 回答人:lvxuhe  |  回答时间:2016/5/16 13:54:45    
  • 这也太多了
  • 回答人:rabbithc  |  回答时间:2016/5/22 19:21:09